Even though industrial development, HARYANA is primarily an agricultural state of India. About 70% of natives are engaged in agriculture. Wheat and rice are the major crops grown in Haryana. HARYANA is the second largest contributor to India's food grains. wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, gram, barley, corn, millet etc.are the main crops of HARYANA. Rabi and Kharif are the two main types of crops in HARYANA. Rice, jowar, bajra, maize, cotton, jute, sugarcane, sesame and groundnut are the major Kharif crops of HARYANA . These crops are cultivated in April and May and the seeds are sown at the beginning of rains in June. The crops are ready for reaping in beginning of November. Wheat, tobacco, gram, linseed, rapeseed and mustard are the major Rabi crops. These are cultivated by the end of October or the beginning of November and the crops are reaped by March.
About 86% of the land is cultivable, and of that 96% is utilised for farming. About 75% of the area is irrigated through tubewells and canals. HARYANA shared significantly to the Green Revolution in India in the 1970s that made the country self-sufficient in food production. HARYANA has also significantly contributed to the field of agricultural education in India. Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University - Asia's biggest agricultural University is located at Hisar and has made a significant role in the 'Green Revolution'.
Dairy farming also contributes an essential role in rural economy of HARYANA. HARYANA has a livestock population of around 3 crores. Milk and milk products form an essential part of the local diet. There is the popular saying about HARYANA "Desaan main des Haryana, jit doodh dahi ka khaana" which means "Best among all the countries in the world is HARYANA, where the staple food is milk and yoghurt". In HARYANA, availability of milk per capita per day is 747 grams, ranks at number two in the country as against the national average of 294 grams (2012-2013). A vast network of milk societies support the dairy industry in HARYANA. The Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes at Hisarand the National Dairy Research Institute at Karnal are instrumental in development of new breeds of cattle and propagation of these breeds. The Murrah breed of buffalo from HARYANA is world-famous for its milk production.