Shivalik Hills to the northeast
a landlocked state in northern India. It is located between
27°37' to 30°35' N latitude and between 74°28' and 77°36' E
longitude. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to
3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. An area
of 1,553 km2 is covered by forest. Haryana has four main
Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the
Semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest.
Aravalli Range in the south.
of Haryana is similar to other states of India lying in the
northern plains. It is very hot in summer (up to a high of
50 deg Celsius) and cold in winters (down to a low of 1 deg
Celsius). The hottest months are May and June and the
coldest being December and January. Rainfall is varied, with
the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali
Hills region being the driest. About 80% of the rainfall
occurs in the monsoon season (July-September) and sometimes
causes local flooding.
Flora and fauna
dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs can be found all
over the state. During the monsoon, a carpet of grass covers
the hills. Mulberry, eucalyptus, pine, kikar, shisham and
babul are some of the trees found here. The species of fauna
found in the state of Haryana include black buck, nilgai,
panther, fox, mongoose, jackal and wild dog. Birds of
Haryana. More than 300 species of birds are found here.